Roman MAXIMINUS II DAIA circa 310 A.D. APOLLO Christian Persecution


Roman MAXIMINUS II DAIA circa 310-313 A.D. APOLLO Christian Persecution. Antioch mint
See below for coin details, description and metrics.

A poem about this coin’s beauty:
“Apollo plays tunes, Maximinus persecutes, Coin tells their story.”

In Latin:
“Apollo sonat, Maximino saevit, Moneta narrat.“

1 in stock

SKU: mgc202val230221 Categories: , Tags: , , , , ,


Ruler: Emperor Maximinus II Daia Period: 310 to 313
  • Denomination:
  • Grade: F
  • Exergue/Mint:
  • Material:
  • Weight (g): 1.8
  • Diameter (mm): 15
  • Obverse: Tyche of Antioch seated facing,veiled; upper body of river-god Orontes below, arms outstretched. Half legend GENIOAN(tiocheni) legible
  • Reverse: Apollo facing left, holding patera and Khithara. Legend: APOLLONI SANCTO
  • Between the 3rd and 5th centuries AD, the Roman Empire was in a state of decline with several reflections on ancient Roman coinage of the time. The economy was struggling, and there was political instability. In 410 AD, the city of Rome was sacked by the Visigoths, and in 455 AD it was sacked again by the Vandals. The emperor Constantine moved the capital of the empire to Constantinople in 330 AD, the empire was divided into two parts in 395 AD, and by 476 AD the western half had fallen to barbarian invasions. The eastern half of the empire (aka the Byzantine empire) continued until 1453 AD when it fell to the Ottoman Turks. These broad events, need to pay armies and maintain a faltering economy brought continuous inflation and debasement of the currency. Numerous reforms attempted to re-set coinage also leveraging advanced alloying and silvering techniques to give the appearance of greater value than the material content of the individual coin and avoid hoarding behaviours. The split between East and West and its control through a Tetrarchy brought coinage emissions under the two Augusti and two Caesars, with numerous individual variations across the many local mints. For example the Antoninianus was issued to replace the Denarius though with scarce silver content, or with various issues of AE1-4 bronze coinage of ever decreasing size and weight. The gradual break-up of the western provinces also brought localised coinage emissions and barbarian issued imitations of Roman coinage. After the fall of Rome, the eastern part of the Empire managed to implement some degrees of successful reform for example under Emperor Anastasius at the end of the 5th century and then Justinian I.
  • Radiate crowns were a type of crown that was popular in ancient Rome as a symbol of imperial power. The crown was often used to denote coinage of "2x" value, such as in the Dupondius (double Sestertius) or the later Antoninianus (double Denarius). Radiate crowns were often made of precious metal such as gold and decorated with rays or sunbeams. Radiate crowns were worn by Roman emperors and some members of the imperial family. They symbolized power and majesty. It was frequently shown as Apollo's crown to symbolise his status as sun god.

Additional information

Weight 64688863 kg
Dimensions 1.5 × 1.5 × 0.1 cm