Roman bronze antoninianus Probus 276-282 AD


Roman bronze antoninianus Probus 276-282 AD
See below for coin details, description and metrics.

A poem about this coin’s beauty:
“Roman coin of bronze, Probus, helmeted and strong, Spear and shield in hand.”

In Latin:
“Antiqua numismaProbus fortis et galeatusScutum hastamque tenet.“

1 in stock

SKU: mgc223b-a230227 Categories: , Tags: , , ,


Ruler: Emperor Probus Period: 276 to 282
  • Denomination:
  • Grade: F
  • Exergue/Mint:
  • Material: bronze
  • Weight (g):
  • Diameter (mm): 23
  • Obverse: Helmeted, cuirassed radiate bust of Probus facing right. Holding Spear and Shield. IMPCMHVPROBUSPFAUG
  • Reverse: Emperor on horse facing left. Vanquished enemy below. Letter T in field.PROBI AUG. Exergue XXIMC?
  • The Antoninianus was a Roman silver coin used from the 3rd to the 5th centuries AD. It was initially worth two denarii, but was later devalued to one. The Antoninianus was named after Antoninus Pius, who introduced it in AD 21. The coin featured the bust of the emperor on the obverse and a reverse with various designs, including military scenes and personifications of the empire. In the 4th century, the Antoninianus began to be made with increasingly debased silver, culminating in the issuance of coins made entirely of bronze in the 5th century.
  • Between the 3rd and 5th centuries AD, the Roman Empire was in a state of decline with several reflections on ancient Roman coinage of the time. The economy was struggling, and there was political instability. In 410 AD, the city of Rome was sacked by the Visigoths, and in 455 AD it was sacked again by the Vandals. The emperor Constantine moved the capital of the empire to Constantinople in 330 AD, the empire was divided into two parts in 395 AD, and by 476 AD the western half had fallen to barbarian invasions. The eastern half of the empire (aka the Byzantine empire) continued until 1453 AD when it fell to the Ottoman Turks. These broad events, need to pay armies and maintain a faltering economy brought continuous inflation and debasement of the currency. Numerous reforms attempted to re-set coinage also leveraging advanced alloying and silvering techniques to give the appearance of greater value than the material content of the individual coin and avoid hoarding behaviours. The split between East and West and its control through a Tetrarchy brought coinage emissions under the two Augusti and two Caesars, with numerous individual variations across the many local mints. For example the Antoninianus was issued to replace the Denarius though with scarce silver content, or with various issues of AE1-4 bronze coinage of ever decreasing size and weight. The gradual break-up of the western provinces also brought localised coinage emissions and barbarian issued imitations of Roman coinage. After the fall of Rome, the eastern part of the Empire managed to implement some degrees of successful reform for example under Emperor Anastasius at the end of the 5th century and then Justinian I.

Additional information

Dimensions 2.3 × 2.3 × 0.1 cm