Ancient Roman Coin – Constantine the Great AE3 307-337AD

£8.00

Ancient Roman Coin – Constantine the Great AE3 307-337AD
See below for coin details, description and metrics.

A poem about this coin’s beauty:
“Laurel wreath on head, Constantine's face to the right, Bronze coin of great might.”

In Latin:
“Caput laureatum, Ad dextram Constantinus, Moneta aenea.“

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SKU: mgc230b-a230313 Categories: ,

Description

Ruler: Constantine the Great Period: 307 to 336
  • Denomination: AE3
  • Grade: Good
  • Exergue/Mint:
  • Material: Bronze
  • Weight (g):
  • Diameter (mm): 18
  • Obverse: Laureate bust of Constantine facing right. CONSTANTINUS AUG
  • Reverse: Camp gate with two turrets and star above. Pellets in uppper part. PROVIDENTIAE AUGG Exergue ASIS
  • Emperor Constantine was the first Christian emperor of Rome, later known as Constantine I or Constantine the Great. He ruled from 306 to 337 AD unified the Western and Eastern halves of the Roman Empire and proceeded to create a new capital at Constantinople (Istanbul) which was later to become the centre of power for the Byzantine Empire. Under his rule, Christianity began to spread throughout the Roman Empire. Constantine also issued the Edict of Milan, which granted religious tolerance to all religions within the empire.
  • Between the 3rd and 5th centuries AD, the Roman Empire was in a state of decline with several reflections on ancient Roman coinage of the time. The economy was struggling, and there was political instability. In 410 AD, the city of Rome was sacked by the Visigoths, and in 455 AD it was sacked again by the Vandals. The emperor Constantine moved the capital of the empire to Constantinople in 330 AD, the empire was divided into two parts in 395 AD, and by 476 AD the western half had fallen to barbarian invasions. The eastern half of the empire (aka the Byzantine empire) continued until 1453 AD when it fell to the Ottoman Turks. These broad events, need to pay armies and maintain a faltering economy brought continuous inflation and debasement of the currency. Numerous reforms attempted to re-set coinage also leveraging advanced alloying and silvering techniques to give the appearance of greater value than the material content of the individual coin and avoid hoarding behaviours. The split between East and West and its control through a Tetrarchy brought coinage emissions under the two Augusti and two Caesars, with numerous individual variations across the many local mints. For example the Antoninianus was issued to replace the Denarius though with scarce silver content, or with various issues of AE1-4 bronze coinage of ever decreasing size and weight. The gradual break-up of the western provinces also brought localised coinage emissions and barbarian issued imitations of Roman coinage. After the fall of Rome, the eastern part of the Empire managed to implement some degrees of successful reform for example under Emperor Anastasius at the end of the 5th century and then Justinian I.

Additional information

Dimensions 1.8 × 1.8 × 0.1 cm